This was the ancient island of Artemis. She is reputed to have put the first guinea fowl on Leros, where they lived in her temple. Interestingly, on this island dedicated to Artemis, property continues to be handed down through the women.
The Romans under Julius Caesar took revenge on the people or Leros. Under the Byzantines, the island was controlled by Samos. The Knights of St John took it over in 1316.
Leros suffered during World War II because its excellent anchorages became home to Italian naval bases. There was considerable damage by German paratroopers during the Battle of Leros in 1943.
The poet Dimitris Tsaloumas, who lives in Australia, is a native son of Leros.
Although the Greeks know about Leros, most tourists don't. If you want sun, sea, rest, recreation, a medieval castle, and excellent dining off the normal tourist route, Leros is the place for you. See more photos of Leros.